For centuries human being have worshipped the Sun. Sometimes this worship is directed at the Sun as an entity and in other cases a God or other deity has been attributed with either the powers of the Sun or the responsibility or it.
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In Greek mythology Helios is known as the personification of the Sun. He was a handsome titan and have a crown with the aureole of the Sun. He drove was the person who drove the chariot of the sun across the sky. He is the son of Hyperion and Theia also both Titans. Hyperion being the Titan of heavenly light and Theia the Titaness of sight and the shining light of the clear blue sky.
In ancient Egyptian the god of creation, Amun is thought to live in the Sun. Sun worship was incredibly important to the Ancient Egyptians and earliest deities associated with this are all female and include the goddesses Nut, Bast and Menhit.
In Chinese mythology there were thought to be 10 suns in the sky and they were all brothers. It was thought they were commanded by the Jade Emperor and were only visible one at a time.
The Romans also praised the Sun. They named him Sol and which basically Latin for Sun. There are mainly links with the Christianity here. Romans praised Sol on Saturnalia, a Winter solstice, encouraging him to return and warm the world. This was held on the 21st December. It is thought that this was the start of the movement to it being linked to the birth of Christ. There are two examples of Sun worship in the Roman period. Contrary to popular belief the Plume of the Centurion went from Ear to Ear not front of head to back. This was to give the impression of the Sun being behind and “blessing” them. The Halo is also seen as being taking from Sun worship as it was customary to include the Sun behind the head of Sol priests in pictures. Following the Edict of Milan Rome became fully Christian over the Sol religion to avoid a growing tension and possible civil war.
It’s not hard to see why early humans praised the Sun. It’s difficult to miss this glowing ball of heat that makes crops grow, gets rid of the night with it’s light and moves around us. It’s one of the reasons advanced that Stone Circles were built throughout Europe, though this is not confirmed. It seems fickle too. Only staying for a few hours and even then, not being consistent. It must have concerned our ancestors what it was going to do next, so they appeased it.